Prepare General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC 2016 [Tips & Study Material]

Prepare General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC 2016 [Tips & Study Material]

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is a central government recruiting organization which gives students many chances to get placed on reputed positions in government companies.

The Staff Selection Commission conducts SSC CGL and CHSL exams for the recruitment for Indian youth. Generally, candidates find it difficult to score cut off marks and little more marks than cut off marks. So here we are to make it simpler for you to clear cut off marks in the SSC reasoning section.

Qualifying SSC exams in which lakhs of candidates appear is not a cakewalk.

Reasoning and General intelligence section comprises of 50 questions for 50 marks. Here are some topics and number of questions asked in SSC exams for general intelligence and Reasoning section.

Topics Number of Questions Marks
Analogy 6 6-7
Series 6-7 6-7
Odd one Out 5 5-7
Statement conclusion 1 1
Directions 3 3
Analytical Reasoning 2 2
Venn- Diagram 3 3
Word Formation 3 3
Statement inference 2 2
Visual Reasoning 8 8
Maths Based Questions 7 7
Coding Decoding 3 3
Matrix Based 1 1

The above table will help you out to plan and manage your time according to weightage of each topic.

Here are some important topics for candidates who will appear for SSC CGL tier 1.

Syllogism Seating Arrangement Blood Relation Directions Coding-Decoding Statement and Conclusions
Statement and Assumptions Analogy Ranking Series Problems Non-Verbal Reasoning

Candidates who are preparing for SSC CHSL 2016 should go for the following topics and strategize these topics in such a manner that they can be solved easily with in the time limit.

  • Semantic Analogy
  • Symbolic/Number Analogy
  • Figural Analogy
  • Semantic Classification
  • Symbolic/Number Classification
  • Figural Classification
  • Semantic Series
  • Number Series
  • Figural Series
  • Problem Solving
  • Word Building
  • Coding and de-coding
  • Numerical operations
  • Symbolic operations
  • Trends
  • Space Orientation
  • Venn Diagrams
  • Drawing inferences
  • Punched hole/pattern – folding & unfolding
  • Figural Pattern – folding and completion
  • Embedded figures
  • Critical Thinking
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Social Intelligence

Other sub-topics

Important Topics in SSC General Intelligence and Reasoning

Important Topics in SSC General Intelligence and Reasoning


This is one of the important topics asked in reasoning section. Here are the basic concepts you should know to solve the questions from this topic.

Analogy: Drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect.

Analogy questions are based on comparisons. You will be given some pairs and you have to find out the similar pair to the given pair.

There are various types of questions from Analogy.

Example 1: Completing Analog Pair

Oasis: Sand :: Island: ?
a) River   b) Sea   c) Water   d) Waves

Here, first pair is ⇒ “Oasis: Sand” and second pair is “Island:?”. And, “∷” sign means first pair and second pair share similar relationship. 'Oasis' is a mass of water amidst ‘Sand’ similarly ‘Island’ is a mass of land amidst ‘water’. Note: It’d be Island: Sea had the first pair been Oasis: Desert. We’re given the name of thing desert is made of i.e. Sand. So, we’ll use the name of thing Sea is made of i.e. Water

Example 2: Simple Analogy

Sweet is to Chocolate as Book is to...?
a) Dictionary   b) Library   c) Encyclopedia   d) Atlas

Here, Chocolate can be sweet or bitter but ‘Sweet’ is the enlarged form of chocolate. Similarly, ‘Encyclopedia’ is an enlarged form of a ‘book’.

Example 3: Number-based analogy

25: 37 :: 49: ?
a) 41   b) 56   c) 60   d) 65

Here, in 25 : 37 the pattern can be explained as x2 : [(x+1)2+1] where x2 is the first element as 25 = 5^2 and [(x+1)2+1] is the second element as 36 = (5+1)2 + 1.
For 49, we know that 49 = 72 so second element = [(7+1)2+1] = 65 which is option d).

Coding Decoding

You can easily score in these questions. You just need to learn this table which will help you to save time in these questions.

Alphabets Alphabetical Order Reverse Order
A 1 26
B 2 25
C 3 24
D 4 23
E 5 22
F 6 21
G 7 20
H 8 19
I 9 18
J 10 17
K 11 16
L 12 15
M 13 14
N 14 13
O 15 12
P 16 11
Q 17 10
R 18 9
S 19 8
T 20 7
U 21 6
V 22 5
W 23 4
X 24 3
Y 25 2
Z 26 1


If COURSE is coded in FRXUVH how is RACE is coded in that code.

In this given word each letter is moved three letters forward so R will be coded as U, A as D, C as F, E as H.

Here is another type of coding decoding questions which will include numbers.


ROPE= 6821
CHAIR= 73456
6 8 2 1 7 3 4 5

Statement conclusion

A statement is a group of words arranged to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision reached after consideration about the given statement.

This topic is considered one of the important topics in SSC reasoning. There are following type of questions in this topic.

  •   One statement with Two Conclusion Based
  •   More than Two Statements and Conclusion Based

Analytical Reasoning


Count the number of squares in the given figure


Answer: 30


What is the minimum number of colors required to fill the spaces in the given diagram without any two adjacent spaces having the same color?


Answer: 3


This includes blood-relation, arrangements (circular, line, building etc.)

NOTE: In whole reasoning section these questions are the most time consuming questions. So if you stuck in some questions then leave that question and proceed.

In arrangement question you can verify the answer by applying the “conditions” given in the question to your arrangement.

Here are some basic rules of Direction Questions.

  • At the time of sunrise if a man stands facing the east, his shadow will be towards the west.
  • At the time of sunset, the shadow of an object is always in the east.
  • If a man stands facing the North, at the time of sunrise his shadow will be towards his left and at the time of sunset it will be towards his right.

Plan to score high with SSC Reasoning Books

You can refer books which are suggested below to compete with lakhs of students appearing for SSC CGL and SSC CHSL exams 2016.

  • Analytical Reasoning (M K Pandey)
  • Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning (R S Aggarwal)
  • Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning Hindi (Kiran Publication)
  • A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal & Non-Verbal English (B S Sijwali, Indu Sijwali)
  • Logical & Analytical Reasoning – English (A K Gupta)

Plan to score high with SSC Reasoning Books

SSC Study Plan

Study plans always helps you to strategies your preparation. It helps you to manage your time. So strategies your SSC Exam with SSC Study plan.

You can also read online to save your time and monotonous schedule. Eduncle gives you full freedom to manage your studies according to your comfort or convenience. Eduncle is an Online learning platform to grow and rank higher in competitive exams like IBPS, SSC, Railways etc.

You can read about other subjects too which are asked in SSC Exams like SSC Computer Awareness , SSC English.

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